Autum time is Phaius time. One of the first Phaius to bloom this year is this Phaius tankervilleae. We just wanted to share this beautyful flowers with you. We especially like the near to golden colouration of the sepals and petals.
Who can guess which jewel orchid is hidden behind above picture?
This hybrid is a real surprise to me. I obtained cuttings that were in a rather bad state, but with care they recovered and started to dipslay a nice staining pattern of their leaves.
Just last week they started to open their flowers. In my eyes these are quite attractive and of a nice size. The flowers of Anoectochilus koshunensis show a rather simple morphology, I therefore guess that the complex structure of the lip is a heritage of Anoectochilus siamensis.
Anoectochilus koshunensis is native to Taiwan and the Ryukyu islands. I wish I could get hold of this species.
Anoectochilus siamensis is a synonym of Anoectochilus albolineatus. This parental plant contributes the fantastic venation of the leaves.
Three species of Macodes are recorded from Borneo, and Macodes limii is endemic to Sabah. It is a terrestrial orchid that can be found in the area of hill forest and lower montane ridge forest. Macodes limii grows in light shade at an elevation range between 250 m and 1000 m.
Macodes limii was described in 2011 in the second volume of ‘The orchids of Mount Kinabalu’. Due to acute habitat destruction and over collection natural populations are severely reduced.
Macodes limii can produce about 25 flowers arranged on a 25 to 30 cm long inflorescence.
Hybrids of Anoectochilus and Macodes are called Anoectodes. Not many Anoectodes are registered: Hoosier registerd in 2006 Anoectodes Charlotte’s Web, a hybrid generated by L Glicenstein. The second registered Anoectodes is Anoectodes Turtle, registered by M.E.Dorris in 2011.
In both registered Anoectodes Macodes petola was one of the parental plants. In Charlotte’s Web, the second partner was Anoectochilus brevilabris, in Turtle, the other parental plant was Anoectochilus formosanus. The shown Anoectodes 649 is a bit difficult to interpret, as Anoectochilus siamensis is not an accepted species. Anoectochilus siamensis is used as a synonym of Anoectochilus albolineatus. This might hold true as the lip of Anoectochilus albolineatus flowers possess 8-9 filaments. However, the number of nine countable filaments is clearly exceeded in the shown Anoectodes … The leaves of Anoectodes 649 are dark green as a whole, and the area around the main vein has a beautiful yellow-green colour.
There are different varieties of Anoectochilus siamensis floating around. The venation pattern of Anoectodes 649 make it likely that the used Anoectochilus siamensis is one with a broad white center main vein. 649 seems to be a mating code, not an individual name.
The naming of Thuina is quite confusing. In the beginning they were included in the genus Phaius, later on they were outgrouped and were named Thunia. As Thunia alba is very variable in the colouration of its flowers the list of described Thunia species was growing and growing. Nowadays, many of these “species” are listed as varieties of Thunia alba. Two of them are flowering on our window sill right in the moment, and we would like to share these beauties with you.
Thunia alba var. marshalliana
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Another Phaius Memoria Pater Agnellus Schneider is flowering
Just a short update to Phaius Memoria Pater Agnellus Schneider. This clone shows more red pigments in the sepals and petals that make it more attractive than the previous shown:
Phaius callosus is known to be quite variable in its flower colouration. We previously showed a Phaius callossus from the Philippines that has a very pale lip and was traded as Phaius philippinensis:
Years ago we could obtain an unidentified Phaius species from Sulawasi. It now flowered for the fist time and turned out to be another variety of the long searched for Phaius callosus:
28th December 2019 we reported about different varieties of Phaius wallichii:
We were surprised to smell an odour that is hard to define. It is a comfortable odour – but not sweet as one might expect.
Macodes sanderiana was one of the first jewel orchids we could aquire for our collection. It is quite distinct from Macodes petola, both in the pattern of leave veination and in the flowers.
Sanders Macodes is a small sized jewel orchid found for example in Sumatra and Papua New Guinea. It likes warm to intermediate temperatures and high air humidity.
The chatoyancy of its leaves is hard to capture with a camera. But you will enjoy it as soon as you look at the leaves in sunlight.
The leaves are velvety, reflect the light and look just stunning in bright light. Macodes species have a creeping rhizome with few internodes.
An outstanding jewel orchid, and in our eyes a must have. We cultivate Macodes sanderiana on sphagnum moss, water with rain water and use very little fertilizer. No direct sunlight is recommended.
The origin of Ludisia discolor ‘Spiderman’ is a bit enigmatic. There are claims that it has been collected from the wild in Southern Thailand.
Future will tell us wether the original claim that the shown plant is a hybrid will hold true. We have some Ludisa discolor ‘Spiderman’ growing at our place … one day they will flower and we can check for differences by direct comparison.
Sometimes it is not easy to find out what jewel orchid one bought. This is in our case true for Anoectochilus chapaensis that turned out to be Anoectochilus burmannicus. These two names are often used as synonyms which causes quite some confusion among jewel orchid lovers.
In some plants (most likely depending on illumination) leaves turn quite dark and show a beautiful velvety maroon colour with gold, jewel-like veining. In other plants, there is more green visible in the leaves.
We think that it is no good idea to keep Anoectochilus burmannicus too wet. Keep the substrate moist, but keep water away from the rhizome and the leaves. To our experience Anoectochilus burmannicus best grows in sphagnum moss when allowing the moss to just approach dryness between watering.
Anoectochilus burmannicus is with its burgundy to deep green leaves a beautyful jewel orchid found in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia and the chinese Himalayas. As many jewel orchids of the genus Anoectochilus it is an immediate to warm-growing terrestrial that can be found on the forest floor or on steep well shaded hills or cliffs among leaf litter.
When we started collecting Phaius we were a bit disappointed that there are only a few Phaius with a nice perfume. In our opinion, an orchid flower should stimulate all of the senses. With Phaius Wurzacher Ried we could obtain a hybrid that does so.
This hybrid was registered 23rd March 2019. In order to get this fragrant hybrid we paired Phaius wallichii with Phaius mishmensis. The result took our hearts by storm. It’s such a shame we can’t post the scent!
We are very curious whether Phaius wallichii will pass on his scent genes to other offspring.
Above shown Phaiocalanthe is not yet registered. Anyway, we wanted to show you its first flowers. Enjoy!
The shown Phaius wallichii is not only an eye candy, but surprises also with a very pleasant fragrance. It usually flowers in Europe during winter time.
We love our Phaius because they flower at a time during which our garden lacks any green. Only some few snowdrops showed their first flowers during the past days. Did you know that snowdrops have a very pleasant odour, too?
Macodes petola is one of the eleven species that make up the genus Macodes. All Macodes come from Southeast Asia and usually grow terrestric. Only occasionally they grow as epiphyts. This genus is part of the subtribus Goodyerinae that includes about 36 genera that incorporate about 425 species – the so called jewel orchids.
The leaves of Macodes petola shimmer in various muted green tones and are also criss-crossed with delicate golden veins. This is what makes most jewel orchids so desirable. While you can enjoy the beauty of most orchid flowers for only a few weeks a year, jewel orchids enchant all year round with their magical foliage.
When cultivated at home, Macodes petola needs a shady, humid location. Direct sunlight should be avoided. The substrate must be permeable and evenly moist. We cultivate all our jewel orchids on Sphagnum moss that allows easy control of substrate moisture – just touch it and feel, wether substrate moisture is sufficient or not. Because of the creeping rhizome, it is better to cultivate Macodes petola in flat, wide planters rather than in small pots. This will facilitate the formation of new roots, too. As far as we can judge it is not advisable to use normal potting soil for Macodes petola cultivation.
In summer day temperatures are fine between 24 ° C and 28 ° C, in winter, when Macodes petola are growing less, day temperatures should be between 15 ° C and 24 ° C. During night time temperatures can be lower for some few degrees. It is necessary to regularly check for red spider mite infestations. It is essential to isolate infested plants and combat them immediately with a suitable agent. We use an acaricide on the basis of Acetamiprid.
Macodes petola is with a growth hight of less than 30 cm a small jewel orchid with lovely leaves. On closer inspection, you can see the glitter on the leaves, especially in the sunlight. Be sure, this view will brighten your day!
The terminal inflorescence is unbranched and up to 20 cm long. The inflorescence axis, the bracts, the ovary and the outside of the sepals are hairy. As the flowers are small and show their special appearance only under higher magnification, there are quite some plant lovers who cut the flower stalk. Like this, the plant itself is not weakend.
We wanted to find out to which degree Phaius Graveasiae flowers can vary in their appearance by using different parental plants. In above shown case the mother was a Phaius wallichii of the Queensland type:
The pollen donor was a Phaius tankervilleae f. alba:
The first flowers of a new cross are always exciting. Are some of the expectations fulfilled? Is there fragrance, and how do the colours of the flower harmonize?
30th November 2019 we registered Gastrophaius Solani Steck. Today it opened its first flower. As one of the parental plants was Phaius Gravesiae, we expect a considerable variability in flower appearance.
The flowers of the first blooming clone can easily compete in their beauty with other Gastrophaius like Gastrophaius Micro Burst or Gastrophaius Dan Rosenberg.
Gastrophaius Dan Rosenberg is a hybrid registered in 1999 by E.F.G. Orchids. It was obtained by a cross of Phaius tankervilleae and Gastrorchis tuberculosa.
We keep this hybrid on the window sill and avoid direct sunlight. It is possible that the used Phaius was rather a Phaius wallichii than a Phaius tankervilleae, as the sepals and tepals show greenisch colouration on the outside part. The substrate should be kept moist, but not wet.