Anoectochilus (koshunensis x siamensis)

This hybrid is a real surprise to me. I obtained cuttings that were in a rather bad state, but with care they recovered and started to dipslay a nice staining pattern of their leaves.

Just last week they started to open their flowers. In my eyes these are quite attractive and of a nice size. The flowers of Anoectochilus koshunensis show a rather simple morphology, I therefore guess that the complex structure of the lip is a heritage of Anoectochilus siamensis.

Anoectochilus koshunensis is native to Taiwan and the Ryukyu islands. I wish I could get hold of this species.

Anoectochilus siamensis is a synonym of Anoectochilus albolineatus. This parental plant contributes the fantastic venation of the leaves.

Macodes limii J.J.Wood & A.L.Lamb 2011

A typical jewel orchid: Macodes limii

Three species of Macodes are recorded from Borneo, and Macodes limii is endemic to Sabah. It is a terrestrial orchid that can be found in the area of hill forest and lower montane ridge forest. Macodes limii grows in light shade at an elevation range between 250 m and 1000 m.

Flower detail of Macodes limii

Macodes limii was described in 2011 in the second volume of ‘The orchids of Mount Kinabalu’. Due to acute habitat destruction and over collection natural populations are severely reduced.

Quite different from Macodes petola and Macodes sanderiana, isn’t it?

Macodes limii can produce about 25 flowers arranged on a 25 to 30 cm long inflorescence.

Inflorescence of Macodes limii

An unregistered Anoectodes: Anoectodes 649

The Anoectodes shown is the result of a cross of Anoectochilus siamensis and Macodes petola

Hybrids of Anoectochilus and Macodes are called Anoectodes. Not many Anoectodes are registered: Hoosier registerd in 2006 Anoectodes Charlotte’s Web, a hybrid generated by L Glicenstein. The second registered Anoectodes is Anoectodes Turtle, registered by M.E.Dorris in 2011.

Flower detail of Anoectochilus siamensis x Macodes petola

In both registered Anoectodes Macodes petola was one of the parental plants. In Charlotte’s Web, the second partner was Anoectochilus brevilabris, in Turtle, the other parental plant was Anoectochilus formosanus. The shown Anoectodes 649 is a bit difficult to interpret, as Anoectochilus siamensis is not an accepted species. Anoectochilus siamensis is used as a synonym of Anoectochilus albolineatus. This might hold true as the lip of Anoectochilus albolineatus flowers possess 8-9 filaments. However, the number of nine countable filaments is clearly exceeded in the shown Anoectodes … The leaves of Anoectodes 649 are dark green as a whole, and the area around the main vein has a beautiful yellow-green colour.

Young plants of Anoectochilus siamensis x Macodes petola

There are different varieties of Anoectochilus siamensis floating around. The venation pattern of Anoectodes 649 make it likely that the used Anoectochilus siamensis is one with a broad white center main vein. 649 seems to be a mating code, not an individual name.

Two varieties of Thunia alba

Thunia alba var. venosa

The naming of Thuina is quite confusing. In the beginning they were included in the genus Phaius, later on they were outgrouped and were named Thunia. As Thunia alba is very variable in the colouration of its flowers the list of described Thunia species was growing and growing. Nowadays, many of these “species” are listed as varieties of Thunia alba. Two of them are flowering on our window sill right in the moment, and we would like to share these beauties with you.

Thunia alba var. marshalliana

Phaius callosus from Sulawesi

Side view of Phaius callosus from Sulawesi – note the very short spur

Phaius callosus is known to be quite variable in its flower colouration. We previously showed a Phaius callossus from the Philippines that has a very pale lip and was traded as Phaius philippinensis:

Years ago we could obtain an unidentified Phaius species from Sulawasi. It now flowered for the fist time and turned out to be another variety of the long searched for Phaius callosus:

Frontal view of Phaius callosus. Note the nice colouration pattern of the lip!
Note the greenish colouration of the outer side of sepals and the yellowish tips of both sepals and petals. The outer side of the petals shows a greenish colouration, too, but this is not visible in above shown pic.

Another variety of Phaius wallichii

Phaius wallichii … look at the beautyful colour pattern of the lip!

28th December 2019 we reported about different varieties of Phaius wallichii:

We were lucky to obtain a division of above presented Phaius wallichii that shows a colouration of the outer side of sepals and petals that is in the beginning yellowish-green, but then changes to the same colour as the inner side of sepals and petals.
Note the change in colour of the outer side of sepals and petals – in addition this Phaius wallichii shows a spur of 2 cm lenght.

We were surprised to smell an odour that is hard to define. It is a comfortable odour – but not sweet as one might expect.

This drawing is pretty close to Phaius wallichii shown in this article.

Macodes sanderiana [Kraenzl.] Rolfe 1896

Macodes sanderiana, a beautyful jewel orchid

Macodes sanderiana was one of the first jewel orchids we could aquire for our collection. It is quite distinct from Macodes petola, both in the pattern of leave veination and in the flowers.

Flowers of Macodes sanderiana

Sanders Macodes is a small sized jewel orchid found for example in Sumatra and Papua New Guinea. It likes warm to intermediate temperatures and high air humidity.

Sanders Macodes folliage

The chatoyancy of its leaves is hard to capture with a camera. But you will enjoy it as soon as you look at the leaves in sunlight.

The inflorescence has many glandular hairs.

The leaves are velvety, reflect the light and look just stunning in bright light. Macodes species have a creeping rhizome with few internodes.

Velvety leaves of Macodes sanderiana

An outstanding jewel orchid, and in our eyes a must have. We cultivate Macodes sanderiana on sphagnum moss, water with rain water and use very little fertilizer. No direct sunlight is recommended.

Ludochilus Dominyi, Veitch 1865

This is indeed a beautyful jewel orchid, although we are a bit irritated by the flowers. As a hybrid Ludochilus we would not expect the flowers to resemble to such a high degree the flowers of Ludisia discolor.
A closer look at the flowers reveals that the tips of the petals show a brownish spot, something we did not see yet on a Ludisia. The retailer that sold this jewel orchid to us claims it is Anoectochilus roxburghii x Ludisia discolor ‘Spiderman’ which would make this hybrid to Ludochilus Dominyi.

The origin of Ludisia discolor ‘Spiderman’ is a bit enigmatic. There are claims that it has been collected from the wild in Southern Thailand.

Future will tell us wether the original claim that the shown plant is a hybrid will hold true. We have some Ludisa discolor ‘Spiderman’ growing at our place … one day they will flower and we can check for differences by direct comparison.

Anoectochilus burmannicus Rolfe 1922, often sold as Anoectochilus chapaensis

Sometimes it is not easy to find out what jewel orchid one bought. This is in our case true for Anoectochilus chapaensis that turned out to be Anoectochilus burmannicus. These two names are often used as synonyms which causes quite some confusion among jewel orchid lovers.

In some plants (most likely depending on illumination) leaves turn quite dark and show a beautiful velvety maroon colour with gold, jewel-like veining. In other plants, there is more green visible in the leaves.

We think that it is no good idea to keep Anoectochilus burmannicus too wet. Keep the substrate moist, but keep water away from the rhizome and the leaves. To our experience Anoectochilus burmannicus best grows in sphagnum moss when allowing the moss to just approach dryness between watering.

Anoectochilus burmannicus is with its burgundy to deep green leaves a beautyful jewel orchid found in Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia and the chinese Himalayas. As many jewel orchids of the genus Anoectochilus it is an immediate to warm-growing terrestrial that can be found on the forest floor or on steep well shaded hills or cliffs among leaf litter.

Phaius Wurzacher Ried: A scented orchid

Phaius Wurzacher Ried

When we started collecting Phaius we were a bit disappointed that there are only a few Phaius with a nice perfume. In our opinion, an orchid flower should stimulate all of the senses. With Phaius Wurzacher Ried we could obtain a hybrid that does so.

Phaius Wurzacher Ried

This hybrid was registered 23rd March 2019. In order to get this fragrant hybrid we paired Phaius wallichii with Phaius mishmensis. The result took our hearts by storm. It’s such a shame we can’t post the scent!

Mother plant Phaius wallichii
Pollen parent Phaius mishmensis

We are very curious whether Phaius wallichii will pass on his scent genes to other offspring.

Phaius wallichii with fragrant flowers

Phaius wallichii

The shown Phaius wallichii is not only an eye candy, but surprises also with a very pleasant fragrance. It usually flowers in Europe during winter time.

Phaius wallichii

We love our Phaius because they flower at a time during which our garden lacks any green. Only some few snowdrops showed their first flowers during the past days. Did you know that snowdrops have a very pleasant odour, too?

Shine bright like a – Macodes petola

Macodes petola foliage

Macodes petola is one of the eleven species that make up the genus Macodes. All Macodes come from Southeast Asia and usually grow terrestric. Only occasionally they grow as epiphyts. This genus is part of the subtribus Goodyerinae that includes about 36 genera that incorporate about 425 species – the so called jewel orchids.

Macodes petola flowers

The leaves of Macodes petola shimmer in various muted green tones and are also criss-crossed with delicate golden veins. This is what makes most jewel orchids so desirable. While you can enjoy the beauty of most orchid flowers for only a few weeks a year, jewel orchids enchant all year round with their magical foliage.

Its leaf pattern sparkles like gold threads!

When cultivated at home, Macodes petola needs a shady, humid location. Direct sunlight should be avoided. The substrate must be permeable and evenly moist. We cultivate all our jewel orchids on Sphagnum moss that allows easy control of substrate moisture – just touch it and feel, wether substrate moisture is sufficient or not. Because of the creeping rhizome, it is better to cultivate Macodes petola in flat, wide planters rather than in small pots. This will facilitate the formation of new roots, too. As far as we can judge it is not advisable to use normal potting soil for Macodes petola cultivation.

So little and remarkable!

In summer day temperatures are fine between 24 ° C and 28 ° C, in winter, when Macodes petola are growing less, day temperatures should be between 15 ° C and 24 ° C. During night time temperatures can be lower for some few degrees. It is necessary to regularly check for red spider mite infestations. It is essential to isolate infested plants and combat them immediately with a suitable agent. We use an acaricide on the basis of Acetamiprid.

The leaves shimmer in light like precious stones.

Macodes petola is with a growth hight of less than 30 cm a small jewel orchid with lovely leaves. On closer inspection, you can see the glitter on the leaves, especially in the sunlight. Be sure, this view will brighten your day!

Macodes petola flowers

The terminal inflorescence is unbranched and up to 20 cm long. The inflorescence axis, the bracts, the ovary and the outside of the sepals are hairy. As the flowers are small and show their special appearance only under higher magnification, there are quite some plant lovers who cut the flower stalk. Like this, the plant itself is not weakend.

Phaius Gravesiae

Phaius Gravesiae from a new cross

We wanted to find out to which degree Phaius Graveasiae flowers can vary in their appearance by using different parental plants. In above shown case the mother was a Phaius wallichii of the Queensland type:

Phaius wallichii of the Queensland type

The pollen donor was a Phaius tankervilleae f. alba:

Phaius tankervilleae f. alba

Gastrophaius Solani Steck

Gastrophaius Solani Steck, frontal and side view

The first flowers of a new cross are always exciting. Are some of the expectations fulfilled? Is there fragrance, and how do the colours of the flower harmonize?

First flower of Gastrophaius Solani Steck, detail

30th November 2019 we registered Gastrophaius Solani Steck. Today it opened its first flower. As one of the parental plants was Phaius Gravesiae, we expect a considerable variability in flower appearance.

Gastrophaius Solani Steck

The flowers of the first blooming clone can easily compete in their beauty with other Gastrophaius like Gastrophaius Micro Burst or Gastrophaius Dan Rosenberg.

Gastrophaius Dan Rosenberg

Gastrophaius Dan Rosenberg

Gastrophaius Dan Rosenberg is a hybrid registered in 1999 by E.F.G. Orchids. It was obtained by a cross of Phaius tankervilleae and Gastrorchis tuberculosa.

Gastrophaius Dan Rosenberg

We keep this hybrid on the window sill and avoid direct sunlight. It is possible that the used Phaius was rather a Phaius wallichii than a Phaius tankervilleae, as the sepals and tepals show greenisch colouration on the outside part. The substrate should be kept moist, but not wet.